Lord Krishna says that he is present in every individual as the embodied soul , the sat chit ananda. Thus he explains , how the self is different from the body, and being a witness to the activities, this self being associated with the vasanas being carried over through different birth’s. The dual world is perceived through sense organs as real . Thus a person associates himself with the body and sees the illusionary world filled with duality.
In this sloka he differentiates between jnaani and ajnaani .
15.10 – Utkramantam sthitam vaapi bhunjnanam va gunaanvitam
Vimudah na anupasyanthi pasyanthi jnnana chaksusaha
Meaning of words:
Utkramantam – leaving
Sthitam – residing
Vaapi – the embodied soul
Bhunjnaanam – experiencing through sense objects
Gunaanvitam – in association with , the qualities of happiness and sorrow etc..
Vimudhah – the ignorant person
Na anupasyanthi – cannot see
Pasyanthi – to see
Jnaana chaksusaha – through eyes of knowledge
Meaning of sloka
The self which is consciousness resides in the body or leaving the body and takes other forms or gets associated with the happiness sorrow in the world , through sense organs. The ignorant person cannot see or understand this, while the jnaani can see it through the eyes of knowledge.
Lord Krishna says that consciousness of the nature of sat chit ananda , leaves a body and takes a form of another body, through life and death. It bears witness to the activities done, through the perception of the world. It bears witness to the happiness/sorrow caused in this world , perceived through the sense organs. An ignorant person who gets deluded in this illusionary world , sees the world filled with dualities. He associates himself with the body. He doesn’t understand that he is the eternal self .He doesn’t realize that he is just the witness of all this. Such a person is called a vimudah. A jnaani through valid knowledge understands the nature of the world. He perceives the world through the eyes of knowledge and thus doesn’t see any duality, but brahman persisting everywhere. He understands the life cycle of birth and death and knows that he is the eternal self.. A jnaani understand that sense organs and vasanas cause the happiness and sorrow in life, which is not permanent. Thus he only can see the brahman in all names and forms whereas a vimudah cannot