Bhagavad-Gita the song of the lord Krishna contains ,the essence of all Upanishads . It is one of the prasthana traya . It contains 18 chapters. Each chapter is called a yoga. We shall discuss the Chapter 15th of gita in coming days.
15th chapter of gita is also called the “Purushottama Yoga” or “Yoga of supreme person” . This chapter reveals the characteristics , virtues of the self ,the realization of the Utlimate truth .
Sri bhagavaanu vaacha
15.1 – Urdhva moolah adhah saakha asvattham prahur avyayam
Chandamsi yasya parnani yastham veda sa vedavith
Meaning of words:
Adhah --- inwards/below
Asvattham --- peepul tree
Ahur – they say
Avyayam – imperishable
Chandamsi –is protecting
Yasya – this tree
Parnani – are the leaves
Yastham –yah –tam -- who knows this tree
Veda—protected by the Vedas
Vedavith --- the knower of the Vedas…
Meaning of sloka
Here lord Krishna compares the world with a peepul tree. This tree has the roots which are upward and branches below and with leaves as the Vedas. The person who understands this ,understands the Vedas.
A tree derives it support from its roots. So this tree of the world has its root as brahmam. Because if brahmam doesn’t exist nothing exists. Its the substratum of everything in the world. As the root is the top most entity, it is said to be positioned upwards and all the branches of the tree are below the ground. As branches are the elements of the world Tree so also the egoism and other subtle elements are nurtured by the substratum of self. This tree has 2 qualities. Its imperishable . This tree of world is imperishable as its because of the originless Maya. Maya will persist until one seeks the knowledge. Hence maya has no beginning, but will end ,when the light of knowledge dawns upon oneself. Hence it seems to be imperishable. Asvattam means ,that which has no tomorrow. This world of today is not same as the world of tomorrow.Hence described as asvattam. Another quality of the tree is that, its protected due to the leaves. Tree grows with the leaves. Also the world tree survives on the leaves of Vedas. Hence the world tree sustains on the Vedas, which are protecting it. So the person who knows Vedas, only will understand this tree of the world and the person who knows this tree of the world knows Vedas.
Dhanapathi Suri in his Bhashyotkarshadipika says that the world is mentioned as a tree with roots up and branches bottom as it is a reflection of Brahman in water. The reflection is what is described here as the world. The reality is Brahman which is without any differences (internal or external). The medium of water is what creates the illusory reflection which is the world. This medium itself is only an illusion created by Maya. The reflection and the medium are only an illusion in the ultimate reality of Brahman – because they are all temporary and seem to exist at the present. Anything that is temporary has no existence at all but only is an illusion in the ever-present reality of Brahman.
So this world has its substratum as brahmam, should be brought down by the knowledge of the self through learning vedas. Until then this world will seem to be ever changing and imperishable due to Maya.
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